Why You Should Never, Ever Add Oil to Your Pasta Water

Why You Should Never, Ever Add Oil to Your Pasta Water

We hate to break it to you, but you’ve probably been making pasta wrong this whole time.Whether you’re craving a quick-and-easy snack or gourmet meal, you can’t go wrong with pasta. It doesn’t take an all-star chef to toss some noodles and sauce together, after all. But while science recommends salting the pasta water before bringing it to a boil, you might want to think twice before adding oil to your pot, as well. Experts say this one simple mistake could be mucking up your entire meal.

When most people make pasta, they believe they should add two things to the water. First is salt, which helps season the pasta (but doesn’t make the water boil any faster, to debunk another pasta myth). The second is oil, supposedly to keep the pasta from sticking together as it boils.

The problem with this comes down to a fact everybody knows: oil and water don’t mix. No matter how hot the water or how rolling the boil, water’s polar molecules won’t mix with oil’s nonpolar molecules. That means only a tiny bit of the oil, if any at all, will even make its way onto the pasta as it boils.

Most veteran pasta makers add oil to their pasta water to prevent the noodles from sticking together, or to keep the water from boiling over. But their best intentions could backfire, Curiosity reports.

Here’s why: Thanks to the basic rules of science, oil doesn’t mix with the water. As a result, only a tiny bit of the oil, if any at all, will even make it onto the pasta as the water boils. It’s more likely that the oil can attach to the noodles after you drain them, instead, preventing sauce from sticking to the pasta.

Pasta sticks when the starch molecules within it absorb so much hot water that they burst. That makes a bunch of starch rush out and coat the outside of the pasta piecesfor a few minutes at the beginning of the cooking process. Eventually, though, it dissolves and washes away, leaving the pasta smooth again.

Fortunately, there’s an easy fix to this cooking conundrum. Experts recommend using a large pot and lots of water to give the pasta plenty of room to move around as it cooks. You can also stir the pasta as soon as you place it in the pot—and periodically for the rest of the cooking time—to prevent the noodles from sticking together. And to avoid sticky pasta after it is cooked, try adding the sauce while both are still hot, or using a bit of water to loosen the noodles before serving. Who knew such a simple dish could be so complex?

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